Winter Pruning What and Why

before and after pruning illustrationFebruary is a great time to start pruning most trees and shrubs. There are several reasons to prune now, such as removing dead wood, shaping a tree or shrub before leaves emerge , making it easy to see stem shape like cris crossing branches, damaged and diseased stems.

 

 

Prune Dead Wood and Foliage

juniper tree browning from with winter injury.Many evergreens such as boxwoods and hollies, will have some winter damage, browning and dead branches become very visible. By pruning now, you will encourage new growth come spring and
summer.

Shrubs and trees that are not evergreen, will be much easier to see and remove branches and stems that may be damaged ,diseased or growing in and undesirable way.

Winter is also the best time to do regenerative pruning to reduce size and vigor.

Often shrubs and trees grow to a size bigger than intended. Late winter /early spring is the best time to dramatically cut most plants back to regain size and shape that is desired. 2
Shrubs such as abelia, perennials such as Russian sage, can be cut back to the ground in winter to control size and encourage more flowering this coming summer.

Not all shrubs should be cut back now, however. Plants such as Azaleas, Weigelia and some varieties of hydrangea as well as Lillacs will have diminished blooms if cut back in winter, since flower buds for the current season are produced the year before. These are best left until summer.

Pruning at the right time with proper techniques, will help keep your gardens thriving and healthy.

Reach out for a free consultation on what and when your landscape trees and shrubs can benefit from pruning now.